the quality of a child's play as it moves beyond the performance of a
specific play task. Playfulness embodies characteristics such as engagement,
exuberance, persistence, and use of mischief, initiating, sharing, giving
and responding to cues. It is important for families to find playfulness
in all activities and daily routines from riding in the car to taking
have found out about play and children with disabilities:
intervention of an adult as an initiator, modeler, participant and/or enhancer
of play repertoires may be understated.
Adaptations to play materials and play strategies are necessary.
perform optimally when they are playing. Unforseen outcomes often emerge.
should be considered at typical ages- don't wait!
tendency towards learned helplessness is diminished when children are playing.
Families often need "permission"
to play with their children.